Kršsa wrote Brundibšr, an allegorical tale of children resisting a bullying organ grinder, in 1938. In the early 1940s, while a prisoner in the Nazi "model ghetto" of Terez‹n (Theresienstadt), he re-orchestrated the work (the score had been lost), and it was performed there 55 times.
The opera has been performed with increasing frequency in the last ten years. The Kushner-Sendak version, with an English-language libretto by Kushner and designs by Sendak, premiered at Chicago Opera Theater in 2003 on a double bill with Bohuslav Martin's Comedy on the Bridge.
Tony Taccone, the artistic director of Berkeley Repertory Theatre and the original director of Kushner's Angels in America, will direct. According to the company, the production is expected travel to Boston and New York in 2006.