1931 Birthday of James Earl Jones, resonant-voiced actor who will win the Tony Award for Best Actor twice: for The Great White Hope in 1969 and Fences in 1987. Broadway appearances will include Othello, Les Blancs, A Lesson From Aloes, Of Mice and Men, Paul Robeson and Driving Miss Daisy. He's also known for voicing the characters of Mufasa in Disney's film "The Lion King" and Darth Vader in "Star Wars," and for his telephone company commercials.
1938 Opening night for One Third of a Nation, a "living newspaper" revue of sketches about life during the Depression, created by the Federal Theatre Project of the WPA. It runs 237 performances at the Adelphi Theatre.
1967 The Promise, Aleksei Arbuzov's Russian play about three young people who've survived the siege of Leningrad, runs at the Fortune Theatre in London. Judi Dench, Ian McShane and Ian McKellen star. There will be 289 performances.
1968 A double-bill of Israel Horovitz plays runs at Astor Place Theatre in New York: The Indian Wants the Bronx starring John Cazale, Al Pacino, and Matthew Cowles, and It's Called the Sugar Plum starring Marsha Mason. James Hammerstein directs.
1969 Broadway composer Vernon Duke dies today. Duke's music filled theatres from the West End to Broadway. Among many memorable songs are "April in Paris" with E.Y. Harburg and "I Can't Get Started," with Ira Gershwin. He was 65 years old. 1991 Laurence Luckinbill stars as Lyndon Johnson in off-Broadway's Lyndon at the John Houseman Theater. James Prideaux's show is based on Merle Miller's Lyndon: An Oral Biography. The one-man show features the former President reflecting on his past.
2004 Ray Stark, 88, the Tony Award-nominated producer who brought the musical, Funny Girl, to Broadway, and later to the movies (his mother-in-law was Fanny Brice), dies today of heart failure in West Hollywood.
2008 In the midst of the presidential primary season, David Mamet opens his political comedy, November, about an entertainingly corrupt U.S. President (played by Nathan Lane), who tries to leverage a turkey-pardoning into a surprise second term. It runs 205 performances at the Barrymore Theatre.
2012 The Broadway premiere of Athol Fugard's The Road to Mecca, his three-actor play about an expressive, inspirational South African artist, played by Rosemary Harris, and the forces that wish to quiet her (Jim Dale) and celebrate her (Carla Gugino), opens at the Roundabout Theatre Company's American Airlines Theatre.
2013 Broadway swelters as the past, present and an uncertain future perfume the stage of the Richard Rodgers Theatre, where a revival of Tennessee Williams' 1955 family drama Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, starring Scarlett Johansson and Benjamin Walker, officially opens in a limited 15-week engagement.