1903 Dorothy, the Scarecrow, the Tin Man, and the Cowardly Lion are first seen on Broadway in the original musical The Wizard of Oz, with music by Paul Tietjens and book and lyrics by L. Frank Baum himself, based on his 1900 novel. Highlighted by vaudeville stars Fred Stone and David C. Montgomery as the Scarecrow and Tin Woodman, the production runs 293 performances.
1929 James Whale (of filmdom's Frankenstein renown) directs Journey's End at London's Savoy Theatre. R.C. Sherriff's drama, depicting life for British soldiers in the trenches of World War I, runs 485 performances.
1936 Raymond Massey, Pauline Lord, and Ruth Gordon are the triangle in the solemn yet devastating Ethan Frome. The adaptation of Edith Wharton's novella by Owen and Donald Davis runs 15 weeks at the National Theatre in New York.
1986 Andrew Lloyd Webber's producing company, The Really Useful Group, puts up shares on the London stock exchange.
2004 Making the most of her 15 minutes of fame, Gennifer Flowers, the woman who said she had an intimate relationship with married President Bill Clinton, joins the company of the Off-Broadway revue Boobs! The Musical.
2010 A Broadway production of Noel Coward's 1942 comedy Present Laughter, starring Victor Garber as graying matinee idol Garry Essendine, opens at the Roundabout Theatre Company's American Airlines Theatre. Directed by Nicholas Martin, the cast also includes Harriet Harris as tart-tongued secretary Monica Reed, and Brooks Ashmanskas as mad young playwright Roland Maul.
2011 Theoni V. Aldredge, the three-time Tony Award-winning costume designer, dies at age 88. Ms. Aldredge won Tony Awards for her costumes for the original Broadway productions of Annie, Barnum, and La Cage aux Folles, and created iconic costumes for such shows as A Chorus Line, Dreamgirls, and 42nd Street.