1867 Florenz Ziegfeld, Jr. is born in Chicago, Illinois. He goes on to become one of the most powerful showmen ever. His Follies, filled with beautiful women and exciting variety acts, becomes a 25-year tradition following the first Follies of 1907. He introduces talent such as Fanny Brice, Bert Williams, Ed Wynn, W.C. Fields, Marion Davies, Eddie Cantor, and Will Rogers.
1957 In Orpheus Descending, Cliff Robertson plays a drifter not welcome in a small southern town. Maureen Stapleton co-stars in the Tennessee Williams drama. There are 68 performances at the Martin Beck Theatre. Harold Clurman stages.
1968 Adding music to the bane of high school literature class, the Canterbury Tales spin at London's Phoenix Theatre. Neville Coghill writes the book with Martin Starkie. Coghill also provides the lyrics for the music composed by Richard Hill and John Hawkins. There are 2,082 performances.
1990 Kathleen Turner is the Cat and Charles Durning the Big Daddy in a revival of Tennessee Williams' Cat on a Hot Tin Roof at the Eugene O'Neill Theatre. Howard Davies directs the production, which runs 149 performances.
1997 Billed as "a comedy of ancient and modern life in eight scenes," the Wooster Group's version of Eugene O'Neill's 1921 expressionist work The Hairy Ape has a commercial Off-Broadway run at the newly reopened Selwyn Theatre. Willem Dafoe stars as Yank.
2001 Bat Boy, a musical adaptation of the tabloid newspaper legend, opens Off-Broadway today and earns surprisingly respectful reviews.
2002 The much-lauded 1998 Trevor Nunn-Susan Stroman National Theatre production of Oklahoma! opens on Broadway, after overcoming years of union and other issues. Despite a $12 million advance, the show gets mixed reviews, loses the Best Revival Tony Award to Into the Woods, and goes on to a run of 11 months.
2003 Chita Rivera puts her stamp on a sixth decade when she plays Liliane LeFleur in a Broadway revival of Nine, co-starring Antonio Banderas, Jane Krakowski, and many other female luminaries. The production, which starts previews today, wins the 2003 Tony Award as Best Musical Revival.
2005 Farewell to two old friends today. Bobby Short, 80, one of the cabaret world's most revered performers and a living symbol of a bygone brand of late-night New York style, dies of leukemia. Barney Martin, 82, the character actor with a hangdog expression who played the beleaguered Amos Hart in the original Broadway production of the musical Chicago, succumbs to cancer.
2013 Hands on a Hardbody, the cultural pulse-taking about a cross-section of Texans hoping to win a pickup truck in a grueling endurance competition, opens on Broadway at the Brooks Atkinson Theatre. The musical's score is by Amanda Green and Phish frontman Trey Anastasio, with a book by Doug Wright. Following mixed reviews and poor ticket sales, the production closes after 28 performances.
Watch highlights from the 2013 Broadway musical Hands on a Hardbody: