Aladdin, the new Disney musical based on the 1992 animated film, which arrives on Broadway this month, brings a great many magical things to the New Amsterdam Theatre, including a genie and a flying carpet. But, to the diehard musical theatre fan, perhaps, the most fantastic aspect of the production may be a collection of new tunes by the legendary songwriting team of Alan Menken and Howard Ashman.
They are, of course, not exactly new. Menken, 64, and Ashman, who died in 1991, wrote a batch of tunes for the Disney film, which tells of the love story between a penniless street urchin and a beautiful princess, and the various sultans, grand viziers and parrots that get between them. But only three of those songs — including "Prince Ali" and "Friend Like Me" — were used in the movie; the movie's additional numbers were written by Menken and Tim Rice. The other compositions got a brief airing on the 1994 album "The Music Behind the Magic: The Musical Artistry of Alan Menken, Howard Ashman, and Tim Rice." But otherwise they have gathered dust on the shelf, unheard by the public. When it became clear a few years ago that Disney wanted to bring "Aladdin" to the stage, Menken saw an opportunity to finally bring his and Ashman's old work to light.
Menken said he wanted to resurrect the songs for a variety of reasons, "some of them sentimental." Since a few of the numbers were connected to characters who were cut from the movie, those figures, too, were brought back to life. Director-choreographer "Casey Nicholaw was accommodating to that," said the composer.
Howard Ashman has had one of the most remarkable posthumous careers in theatre history. Since his death at the age of 40 following complications from AIDS, he has amassed four Broadway credits, three of them drawn from the Disney films he scored with Menken toward the end of his life. Beauty and the Beast came first and was the most successful to date, running on Broadway from 1994 to 2007. It was followed by The Little Mermaid in 2008 and now by Aladdin.
"Part of it is the popularity of the Disney movies," said Menken, trying to explain his former partner's abundant artistic afterlife. "Part of it was that Howard was so hip and had such an incredible sense of craft. There're still more songs in the trunk. There are unfinished shows."
The idea of Aladdin as a film was, in fact, pitched by Ashman himself. Though the film was released after the successes of "The Little Mermaid" and "Beauty and the Beast," Menken pointed out that, "The genesis of 'Aladdin' was right at the beginning of when we went to Disney. 'Little Mermaid' was first, but 'Aladdin' was around the same time. Then 'Aladdin' got shelved. We had the original score. There were a lot of twists and turns in terms of material and sensitivity to the world that it was depicting. After 'Mermaid,' we wrote 'Beauty,' and then we got back to 'Aladdin.' This was a time when Howard was increasingly ill from AIDS."
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