The Book of Mormon, by "South Park" creators Trey Parker and Matt Stone and Avenue Q's Bobby Lopez, tells the tale of clueless Mormon missionaries in misery-plagued Africa.
Catch Me If You Can's Marc Shaiman and Scott Wittman (Hairspray) added jazzy new songs in the context of a TV variety show for the true story of a teen con-man.
The Scottsboro Boys used a "minstrel show" to explore an American injustice in one of the last shows by famed songwriters John Kander and Fred Ebb.
Sister Act's composer Alan Menken and lyricist Glenn Slater got to revel in 1970s music — disco, soul and funk — when they rethought the period of the hit 1992 film.
To see photos of the nominees, click here.