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Of the many novels by John Steinbeck that have been brought to the screen or stage, his 1937 work Of Mice and Men has proved an enduring favorite. The reasons for this are arguably twofold. First, the story of two itinerant farm workers looking for work in California is less attached to the social politics of the time in which the story is set, as is often the case in other Steinbeck works such as The Grapes of Wrath and The Pearl. In other words, the story is less dated; it's a tale of people more than grand themes.
More importantly, however — in terms of the title's producibility — is the allure of the two leading roles to actors. Since the book came out, the parts of smart, protective George and his large, dim-witted friend Lennie have been catnip to performers. It is no wonder that the book was adapted for the stage the same year it was released, and was made into a film just two years later.
The Broadway production was backed by a team of seasoned pros. It was produced by Sam H. Harris, the onetime producing partner of George M. Cohan, and staged by playwright-director George S. Kaufman. The cast included Wallace Ford, an English-born actor with numerous stage and film credits, as George and Broderick Crawford, then an unknown, as Lennie. Crawford would go on the Hollywood fame as the Oscar-winning star of "All the King's Men" and "Born Yesterday." Sam Byrd played the taunting Curley, Claire Luce was Curley's flirtatious wife, Will Geer was cast as the kindly Slim and Leigh Whipper — the first African-American member of Actors' Equity Association — played Crooks.
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