1923 Jacob Ben-Ami and Winifred Lenihan are The Failures. There will be only five weeks of performances at the Garrick Theater of H. R. Lenormand's play. In the story "She," out of desperation, takes up the world's oldest profession, while "He" struggles at the second oldest (playwriting).
1936 Kurt Weill writes his first Broadway score since immigrating to the U.S. Johnny Johnson, which has a book by Paul Green and direction by Lehman Engel, is an antiwar musical about a young soldier. Produced by the Group Theatre at its height, the show features an enviable cast: John Garfield, Lee J. Cobb, Elia Kazan, Sanford Meisner, Morris Carnovsky and Luther Adler. It runs 68 performances at the 44th Street Theatre.
1961 American playwright Dorothy Heyward is dead at the age of 81. She wrote Porgy, that would later be adapted for Porgy and Bess and Mamba's Daughters with her husband DuBose Heyward, and Jonica with Moss Hart.
1971 Today marks the official opening in New York City of Playwrights Horizons, at the Clark Center for the Performing Arts, with a staged reading of Margaret Power's Victims Anonymous. Robert Moss is founder and producing director of this venture to support and encourage new American playwrights.
1973 Birthday of Savion Glover, tap prodigy who starred on Broadway in The Tap Dance Kid, Black and Blue and Jelly's Last Jam before he was 20, and won the Tony Award for Best Choreography for Bring in 'da Noise, Bring in 'da Funk, in which he also co-starred.
1985 Herb Gardner's I'm Not Rappaport opens tonight at the Booth Theatre with a cast that includes Judd Hirsch and Cleavon Little. The replacements later on in this show, which runs for 891 performances, are Ossie Davis and Hal Linden. The New York Times' Frank Rich pans Rappaport, although it goes on to win the 1986 Tony Award for Best Play, and Hirsch will win for Best Actor. Gardner calls this "proof that there's life after Frank Rich." The 1996 movie version, directed by Gardner himself, included Davis and Walter Matthau.
1997 Peter Riegert, Patti LuPone, and Rebecca Pidgeon star in David Mamet's new play The Old Neighborhood, which opens tonight at the Booth Theatre. The show, which is a trio of scenes, follows a divorced, middle-aged man's emotion-generating visit to his old Chicago neighborhood. The show ran for 197 performances.
2008 Clive Barnes, who covered the New York theatre and dance worlds for four decades, first as a critic for The New York Times and then for the New York Post, dies at age 81.
2009 Sarah Ruhl's In the Next Room, or the vibrator play opens at Broadway's Lyceum Theatre. Laura Benanti and Michael Cerveris star in the seriocomic period play about a 19th century doctor whose experiments with the latest electronic invention — the vibrator — revolutionizes his practice and transforms his marriage in an unexpected way.
2012 Songwriters Benj Pasek and Justin Paul re-wrap Jean Shepherd's nostalgic and comedic 1983 film "A Christmas Story" as a Broadway musical, as A Christmas Story, The Musical opens at the Lunt-Fontanne Theatre. Despite a limited holiday run, the musical is not forgotten at Tony time, earning nominations for Best Musical, as well as for Pasek and Paul's score, and Joseph Robinette's book.
2014 Mike Nichols, who first as a performer, and then as a successful director of stage and film, cast a long shadow over Broadway and Hollywood for more than 50 years, dies at age 83. Mr. Nichols directed more than 20 Broadway shows, including the original productions of Barefoot in the Park, The Odd Couple, The Apple Tree, Plaza Suite, The Gin Game, The Real Thing and Monty Python's Spamalot. He was the winner of nine Tony Awards, including a record six for Direction of a Play.