The writer adapted his book, which is characterized as being "written by God and scribed by David Javerbaum," for the stage production that is titled An Act of God.
Javerbaum also runs the popular satirical Twitter account @TheTweetOfGod.
Casting, creative duties and a Broadway opening date for An Act of God were not announced.
"I am deeply disappointed that Jeffrey Finn has decided to produce this show," Javerbaum said in a statement. "It will force me to continue my unwanted professional association with God, an abstract entity who has given me nothing but discomfort and agita. It is my desperate hope that we close out of town."
Finn, a three-time Tony Award-nominated producer, is represented on Broadway this season with the new Will Eno play The Realistic Joneses. His productions also include I'll Eat You Last: A Chat With Sue Mengers, Dead Accounts, Scandalous, Seminar, American Idiot, A View from the Bridge, Oleanna, Blithe Spirit and On Golden Pond. He is the 2013 recipient of the Robert Whitehead Award for Outstanding Achievement in Commercial Theatre Producing.