THE DVD SHELF: "The John Barrymore Collection" and "The Diary of Anne Frank"

The DVD Shelf   THE DVD SHELF: "The John Barrymore Collection" and "The Diary of Anne Frank"
This month, we screen a box set containing four silents starring John Barrymore, plus the 1959 film adaptation of the Pulitzer Prize play The Diary of Anne Frank.


John Barrymore (1882-1942) was arguably the successor to Edwin Booth's mantle of the Greatest Actor of His Time. His time, stage-wise, began in 1904 or so. After 12 years of comedy and light drama, he lived up to his promise with a string of strong dramatic performances beginning with Justice (in 1916) and — starring opposite brother Lionel — Peter Ibbetson (in 1917) and The Jest (in 1919). In the early 1920s, he essayed both Richard III and Hamlet, the latter in a record-breaking engagement. This was the end of it, stage-wise. Barrymore had been supplementing his income in silent films since 1913; just after turning 40 in 1922, he more or less exchanged the stage for a less grueling and more remunerative alcohol-lubricated life on the screen. (See The Royal Family, coming from the Manhattan Theatre Club in October, for a fictionalized account.)

We cannot ever expect to see Barrymore-the-stage-actor, needless to say, and there are few people in circulation who can still attest to his brilliance. A worn-and-weathered Barrymore did appear occasionally on stage in the 1930s, propped up by creditors, newly-minted brides and bottles, but these were not performances for the ages; and glimpses of his grandeur can be seen in his later films, most notably "Svengali," "Dinner at Eight" and "Twentieth Century." But this was the mature Barrymore, not the brilliant actor who stood second to the Great Edwin.

Well, here comes a set of DVDs that gives us Barrymore in his prime. Silent films, sure, without any indication of that voice. But that profile is there, as is the almost mesmerizing intensity of the acting. The John Barrymore Collection [Kino International] gives us four of his major silent vehicles, starting with "Dr. Jekyll & Mr. Hyde" from 1920. This was made just after "The Jest," when Barrymore was at the height of his art and fame. (The film actually contains about three seconds-worth of "The Jest" in an Italianate flashback, with Barrymore in his stage costume and wig). The "Jekyll" tale is well known, as it was even in 1920; there have been some two dozen film versions, plus who knows how many offshoots and pastiches. (One of them, a Stan Laurel short called "Dr. Pyckle & Mr. Pryde," is included amongst the bonuses.) Robt. Lewis Stephenson's tale goes back even further, of course, to 1886. Somebody ought to make a good musical version of this one day, don't you think? On second thought, maybe not.

Next in the box is Barrymore's 1922 rendition of William Gillette's stage version of "Sherlock Holmes," which might well have had almost as many lives as "Jekyll & Hyde." (Barrymore's Holmes is not the best of them.) This film, long thought to be lost, comes to us in an impressive remastering by the George Eastman House. Hidden away are the film debuts of two fine light comedians, Roland Young and William Powell. "Tempest" is one of those Russian Revolution epics, with John B. and leading lady Camilla Horn "at the mercy of a sweeping tide of fate." The cover shows a photo of a shirtless Barrymore glaring at the Czarina, who is whipping him. Hmmm. Better by far is "The Beloved Rogue," which is not an autobiography of Barrymore but a fictionalized tale of the real-life, 15th century poetical rapscallion Francois Villon. Villon has gone out of fashion — he is chiefly remembered for his poem that contains the phrase which was translated into English as "where are the snows of yesteryear" — but he was well known in the first third of the 20th century thanks to the 1901 play If I Were King. A perennial favorite, it was successfully filmed in 1920. What's more, the Broadway musical adaptation, The Vagabond King, was a major success of the 1925-26 season (including Rudolph Friml's song hit "Only a Rose"). Playing upon the quarter-century of success of If I Were King and the then-current musical smash, "The Beloved Rogue" borrowed the Villon character and inserted him into a new, swashbuckling story which allowed Barrymore to demonstrate his prowess, athletic and otherwise. Kino has unearthed an interesting bonus: Orson Welles introducing the film, circa 1971.

All but "Sherlock Holmes" have previously been released on DVD, so some Barrymore fans might already have one or more. But this four-disc set certainly gives us a chance to see (if not hear) Barrymore in his heyday, before gin and rum and destiny played funny tricks.

Anne Frank's diary was published in Amsterdam in 1947; published in English in the United States and Great Britain in 1952; and adapted by Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett into a Tony and Pulitzer Prize-winning play in 1955. Hollywood, in the person of director George Stevens, soon beckoned, resulting in the 1959 film The Diary of Anne Frank [Fox], which has now been released in a new, 50th Anniversary edition. The film had enormous value in its day, bringing the true-life story to a significantly wider audience than had been reached by the book and play. (The book has gone on to be widely taught across the world, but in 1959 the events were still less than 20 years old.) The film is, indeed, a fine representation of the tale — though certainly not a substitute for the diary itself. The film, mind you, is three hours long. Mr. Stevens, Goodrich & Hackett, and the cast do a fine job. Millie Perkins, a 20-year-old magazine cover girl without acting experience, was placed in the title role; Perkins is okay, although we are told that Susan Strasberg — who created the role in the stage version — was infinitely better. (Bonus materials include newly-filmed memories of the film from Ms. Perkins and Diane Baker, who played her sister.) Stevens retained three central performers from the Broadway cast, Joseph Schildkraut and Gusti Huber (as Anne's parents) and Lou Jacobi. He also added two bonafide stars — vaudeville-Broadway-radio headliner Ed Wynn and Hollywood's sultry Shelley Winters — and placed them in character roles; both were nominated for featured Oscars. The film was nominated for eight Oscars in all, with Ms. Winters joined in the winner's circle by the cinematographer and art director. "Ben-Hur" picked up 11 Oscars that year — and where is "Ben-Hur" now?

(Steven Suskin is author of "The Sound of Broadway Music: A Book of Orchestrators and Orchestrations"as well as "Second Act Trouble," "Show Tunes" and the "Opening Night on Broadway" books.)

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