Though perhaps best known for such films as "Bonnie and Clyde" and "The Miracle Worker" — each of which earned him Oscar nominations — Penn also has extensive Broadway directing credits, including, most recently, revivals of Sly Fox with Richard Dreyfuss in 2004 and Fortune's Fool with Alan Bates and Frank Langella in 2002.
Penn began his Broadway career directing the original Broadway production of Two for the Seesaw in 1958, earning a Tony nomination. In the subsequent decade he helmed the original Broadway productions of such plays as Toys in the Attic, The Miracle Worker (Tony Award) Wait Until Dark and All the Way Home (Tony nomination), along with the legendary revue An Evening With Mike Nichols and Elaine May. In the 1970s he directed the original productions of Sly Fox and Golda.
His other films include "The Left-Handed Gun" (1958) starring Paul Newman, Mickey One" (1965) with Warren Beatty, "The Chase" (1966) with Marlon Brando, Jane Fonda and Robert Redford, "Alice's Restaurant" (1969, his third Oscar nomination), "Little Big Man" (1970) with Dustin Hoffman, "Night Moves" (1975) with Gene Hackman, "The Missouri Breaks" (1976) with Jack Nicholson and Marlon Brando and "Four Friends" (1981). His last feature was "Penn & Teller Get Killed" in 1995.
Penn was president of the Actors Studio from 1992 to 2000.
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