Kent Gash, a rising African-American director with credits at Alabama Shakespeare Festival, will join that troupe's staff as associate artistic director March 1, 1999, but not before staging an all-black Cat on a Hot Tin Roof in Virginia.
Gash's take on Tennessee Williams' classic Cat begins performances Jan. 6 at Theatre Virginia in Richmond. It plays through Jan. 30.
The idea of an African-American cast for the 1955 Williams soaper about a wealthy but dysfunctional Southern family has been around for several years. Director Lloyd Richards (Fences) expressed a hope to stage the sex-and-lies fraught play with James Earl Jones as Big Daddy, but plans never materialized.
Gash, 38, and Theatre Virginia artistic director George Black told Playbill On-Line that, as far as they know, this is the first professional African American casting of the Pulitzer Prize-winner.
Arena Stage in Washington, DC., has presented an African-American cast playing The Glass Menagerie, according to Black. He said there has been no contact with the Tennessee Williams estate about the Theatre Virginia Cat staging. Gash said the non-traditional casting would not be anachronistic: He said there were indeed rich, land-owning African-Americans in the South in the 1950s, the milieu for the drama.
"It's not my intent to change any of the language of the play," Gash said. "There certainly won't be 'rewrites.' All the issues of the play take on a different resonance in the African-American [context]. When Big Daddy says he got [rich] by 'working like a nigger in the field,' it will really be felt.'"
Artistic director Black did note, however, that a reference to leading- character Brick playing football at the University of Mississippi, a school not yet integrated in the 1950s, would have to be re-examined.
The play's sexuality issues -- particularly the idea of Brick's apparent homosexuality -- are made more pungent with an African-American context, Gash suggests. He said African Americans respond to gay people differently than other communities do because of heightened sensitivity about such issues as religion, male leadership roles and procreation.
Black and Gash will cast the play by the first week in November.
For Theatre Virginia ticket information, call (804) 353-6100.
At Alabama Shakespeare Festival, Gash will direct at least two mainstage shows in the ASF's September-to-August season in Montgomery, AL. He will also assist artistic director Kent Thompson with season selection, casting and new play development through the Southern Writers' Project.
Later this season, Gash will direct ASF's Troilus and Cressida, beginning performances May 28, 1999. It will continue in repertory through July 24.
Gash confirmed he will assist in the recruitment of African-American artists, craftpersons and administrators; help attract a larger audience for the theatre; and help establish ASF as an educational resource throughout the state and the nation. Gash will also teach in the University of Alabama/Alabama Shakespeare Festival Professional Theatre Training Programs.
He said he's especially excited about ASF's commitment to nurturing new writers, including African Americans.
On the much-debated subject of African Americans playing roles traditionally played by white folks, Gash said, "As an actor, you have to think all the time, 'I can play anything!'"
He added, "I think the idea that African Americans will only play roles that are ethno-centric" shows "a slavish dedication to naturalism and realism" that isn't right in a non-literal medium.
As an actor, Gash has performed in ASF stagings of Twelfth Night, Major Barbara, Miss Evers' Boys, Macbeth and Measure for Measure. In 1997, he directed an choreographed ASF's Five Guys Named Moe.
In Los Angeles in February, he directed Debbie Allen as Harriet Tubman in Harriet's Return at the Geffen Playhouse. There has been talk of a New York run for Harriet's Return, but nothing has been confirmed, Gash said.
Gash, a free-lance director based in New York, said he moved from acting to directing because, over the years, he had encountered directors who didn't like actors, or directors who didn't understand or couldn't articulate the actor's process.
Among scripts on his personal directorial wish-list are Brecht's Galileo, the John Guare musical version of Two Gentlemen of Verona, Angels in America and The Colored Museum. Gash staged Home Off-Broadway in 1997, and created musical staging for Primary Stages' Nasty Little Secrets. He has served on the faculty of the University of California at Los Angeles.
ASF is the fifth largest Shakespeare festival in the world, based on audience attendance. In 1997-98, attendance for festival events topped 230,000, publicist Kay Green told Playbill On-Line.
About 300,000 visitors a year are drawn to Blount Cultural Park, the 250-acre spread where ASF is housed.
ASF's mandate is to present works by Shakespeare, commission and develop new plays, and educate students (both artists and theatregoers).