Like most of the artists and audience at the Dec. 31, 2012, New York Philharmonic concert celebrating the work of Marvin Hamlisch, I was in the midst of the day's activities when I learned of Marvin Hamlisch's death. When the initial shock wore off I realized that the interview I was looking forward to having with Marvin for this article was not going to happen. Instead, I would be prevailing upon his friends, protégés, and colleagues who were lucky enough to have known him longer and better than I so that I might write a very different article: a salute to one of America's greatest musicians.
Hamlisch, born in 1944 in Manhattan, attended the Professional Children's School, Juilliard, and Queens College, where he earned a bachelor of arts degree. In 1974 he hit an Academy Award trifecta, receiving three Oscars in one evening, for "The Sting" (Best Original Song Adaptation) and "The Way We Were" (Best Original Song and Best Original Dramatic Score). This achievement paved the way for his now legendary hit, A Chorus Line, which in turn earned him the Pulitzer Prize in 1976. At the time of his death last summer Marvin was about to add The Philadelphia Orchestra to the list of ensembles over which he presided as official pops conductor, and his musical theatre version of "The Nutty Professor," a collaboration with Jerry Lewis and the lyricist Rupert Holmes, was gaining momentum in out-of-town previews.
Hamlisch left a legacy that includes scores for more than 40 motion pictures, a string of Broadway shows, and the symphonic work, "Anatomy of Peace."
Marvin Hamlisch's path began crossing the Philharmonic's in May 2008 when he made his debut with Broadway's Greatest Showstoppers, a program he devised, conducted, and hosted as a valentine to the golden age of the great American musical — a tradition to which he was a true heir, though he would never have claimed so for himself. He would return two more times, with cleverly contrived concerts that melded the best of showmanship with what this Orchestra has to offer, culling from all aspects of his multifaceted artistry. I first interviewed Marvin in 2005 for a magazine article on famous alumni of The Juilliard School. We immediately hit it off: I'd loved every note he'd ever written, of course, but beyond that, we both came from the New York Jewish musical background that was a nationality unto itself. When I spoke with him again for a Playbill article anticipating his 2009 New York Philharmonic benefit concert titled New York Moments, which he created as a musical portrait of his beloved hometown (and in which he would lead the orchestra of his hero, Leonard Bernstein), our conversations ranged further. We discussed favorite New York places to stroll and restaurants, and he told me about his Juilliard jury exams: he'd gone to the roof of the old Claremont Avenue building to unwind beforehand only to have the door lock behind him. He finally arrived at those exams covered in soot one minute before he was to play.
Whenever I interviewed Marvin, he took great joy praising each singer on the program, providing biographical details of every one of them. That warmth of feeling has always been returned. Star mezzo-soprano Frederica von Stade ranks him among the great American conductors and composers with whom she has collaborated over 30-odd years in the opera and concert houses of the world. "What distinguishes Marvin's songs," she says, "are his drop-dead gorgeous melodies that are so very vocal. He is a great part of the American songbook — the true modern day link to the tradition of Kern, Porter, and Gershwin."
Hamlisch himself took pride in those tunes, answering the question as to how he'd liked to be remembered in music history books by saying, "I always try to ground my listener in a good melody. Nowadays it's considered old-fashioned, but for me it remains the most important thing."
|Photo by Joseph Marzullo/WENN|
His toe-tapping, singable melodies are pure music theatre, and are also original, vital bridges between classical and contemporary song. His longtime friend and colleague Michael Feinstein (a virtuoso pianist-singer-composer-arranger of the same genre himself) understands that which made Marvin's melody neither old fashioned nor simplistic. "What was most important to him was to write music that was accessible to people and was of good substance melodically and harmonically," Feinstein explains. "He was so facile that he could absorb the great melodists of the past while creating fresh, complex, and contemporary material. He was never threatened by the changing of musical styles. Marvin was part of an historical musical continuum; he created in a period of musical transition and found ways, as only the great writers can, of fresh expression to add to the basic fundamental tools of songwriting." In recent years Hamlisch was persuaded to take on the role of pops conductor of several major symphony orchestras by his manager, who uttered three words: "Gershwin did it." Philharmonic Acting Principal Clarinetist Mark Nuccio, who worked with Hamlisch in the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, speaks of his compositional use of instrumentation: "His music is made rich by the keen awareness he had of the individual qualities of the instruments, and he used a bigger complement. Nowadays, most music theatre composers have only about 22 instruments at their disposal and don't take full advantage of even those sounds. Marvin's feels like symphony music."
"That richness of sound," continues Irene Breslaw, the New York Philharmonic's Assistant Principal Viola, "is emblematic of a generation. You could see that in the people who came to his Philharmonic concerts. It wasn't the soloists — he was the attraction. When I played for Leonard Bernstein I always felt I was blessed by the presence of genius. While Marvin modestly shows a reverence for the Philharmonic, in his own genre he gave me that same feeling."
Here's what some of music and theatre's biggest stars had to say about Marvin Hamlisch:
THE STARS SALUTE MARVIN: Joshua Bell
Violinist Joshua Bell, who worked with Hamlisch on his album "At Home with Friends": "I didn't want it to be the usual crossover album of pop and classical but rather interesting and unexpected combinations of highly respected musicians doing unusual things together. I found out that Marvin had done this arrangement for violin and piano of 'I'll Take Manhattan' originally for himself and [Philharmonic Concertmaster] Glenn Dicterow. When asked, Marvin got right back to me and said, 'sure, let's do it.' He was very open to my suggestions about how to adjust it, very experimental and pleasant about rehearsing, and the way he approached the instrument and his understanding of harmony were quite amazing."
|Photo by Michael Wilson|
THE STARS SALUTE MARVIN: Audra McDonald
Soprano, actress, and five-time Tony Award-winning musical theatre diva Audra McDonald: "He felt that all music is worthy of being explored and interpreted in the most truthful and glorious way possible; a less cynical man I have never met. In terms of his own shows, take A Chorus Line: it is groundbreaking because it encompasses so many different styles — classical, 1970s rock — and his Juilliard training enabled him to do this. With him, it was all appreciation and discovery."
|Photo by Joseph Marzullo/WENN|
THE STARS SALUTE MARVIN: Kelli O'Hara
Broadway leading lady Kelli O'Hara, who created the role of Susan in the Hamlisch musical Sweet Smell of Success: "It was huge for me to be in a room working with a Pulitzer Prize–winning composer on a new piece that 100 years from now, because of its iconic nature, will still be identifiable as Hamlisch. The piece was so beautiful, dark and operatic, but it was not embraced the way it should have been because it followed on the heels of 9/11. Still, Marvin's concern was only for me, for my feelings, my comfort. When they cut one of my songs he said, 'You know, they used to cut songs for Ethel Merman, too.' When we worked at the keyboard he would do whatever was more comfortable for me. That this genius was so beautiful to me will remain one of the highlights of my life."
THE STARS SALUTE MARVIN: Maria Friedman
Singer-actress-director Maria Friedman, well known in her native England but not in the U.S. when Hamlisch heard her singing on the radio: "Marvin later told me he stopped the car, pulled over and said, 'I've got to work with that woman!' He flew me over, got me a visa, and booked me in the United States and London whenever he could. When I told him I was very sick with cancer, with no hair whatsoever, he said, 'Can you sing?' That was all he cared about. Three weeks later I broke my leg and I had to tell him I'd also be wearing a weight-bearing surgical boot, Marvin said, 'For God's sake, pull yourself together!,' but he didn't cancel the concert or replace me. He just said, 'With your bald head and your broken leg you're gonna make me look a lot better.' His faith in me helped me get well."
THE STARS SALUTE MARVIN: Raúl Esparza
Theatre, film, and television star Raúl Esparza: "When Marvin believes in you he insists until you start to believe. He thought I would make a phenomenal Billy Bigelow [in Carousel ] for the New York Philharmonic's 2008 Broadway's Greatest Showstoppers. The outsized, direct Rodgers & Hammerstein work requires absolute commitment to its heart-on-sleeve simplicity, with big voice singing against a big orchestra. My voice is big, but it's a rock voice — I would never have chosen that for myself — but when that soliloquy was over, I heard the audience screaming and I saw Marvin beaming with pride and joy." A version of this piece appeared in the December 2012 Playbill of the New York Philharmonic at Avery Fisher Hall at Lincoln Center. Robin Tabachnik is a New York-based arts and culture journalist who writes frequently for Playbill, Town & Country and IN New York magazine.