Aiken, who ran on the Democratic ticket, became a household name in 2003 as runner up on "American Idol," and later appeared in the Broadway production of Spamalot in 2008.
The openly-gay performer turned his art into activism in recent years, taking on a UNICEF ambassadorship in 2004 as well as creating the National Inclusion Project and being appointed a two-year term on the Presidential Committee for People with Intellectual Disabilities.
Esquire, owned by NBCUniversal, announced there were cameras behind the scenes of Aiken's bid for a seat in the House.
The network will launch the intimate four-hour docuseries helmed by Academy Award winner Simon Chinn ("Searching for Sugar Man," "Man on Wire") and Emmy winner Jonathan Chinn ("American High") in early 2015.
The as of yet untitled series is produced by Lightbox's Jonathan Chinn, Simon Chinn and Mitchell Tanen.
In a statement to The Hollywood Reporter, Esquire Network's head of original programming Matt Hanna said, "Ultimately, this series is a raw and honest look at American politics through an incredibly unique and compelling candidate."
Aiken was defeated by incumbent Congresswoman Renee Ellmers.